Operationsbefehl Nr. 11 12.7.40 "Advance Order"
For a timeline of
the Swiss operational planning see "Swiss
Operational Planning 1939 to 1941".
To match the planning against the German attack planning see "German
The Operationsbefehl Nr. 11 was issued on the
12.July 1940 as a reaction to the fall of France and the almost complete
encirclement of Switzerland by German forces. The order actually was an advance
order for the Operationsbefehl No 12. The main idea was to form a central area
of defense (Zentralraumstellung) in the Alps or the réduit national.
Entwicklung der allgemeinen Lage und deren Auswirkungen an unseren Grenzen
erfordern eine tiefgreifende Aenderung der gegenwärtigen Aufstellung der Armee.
Im Operationsbefehl Nr. 12 wird die neue Gruppierung der Armee festgelegt
Zur Erleichterung der Ueberganges aus der jetzigen Lage in die ..."
"The development of the general situation and its
consequences on our borders require a deep change of the current position of the
Operational order No 12 will define a new grouping of the army.
To facilitate the transformation of the current situation ..."
here to get a larger map in a
The main change toward the Operationsbefehl No 10
- Three divisions (1. Div, 3. Div, 8. Div) were
moved to the Central Area in addition to the forces already present there (7.
Div, 9. Div, 10. Geb Br, 11. Geb Br, 12. Geb Br, 9. Gz Br).
- A new defensive line was formed as part of the
Advanced Position in the West consisting of the 2. Div and the ad hoc Light
Division (consisting of the 1. L Br, 2. L Br, 3. L Br).
- The existing Limmatstellung was held only by
the 6. Div and the ad hoc groups Stadtkommando Zürich and Gruppe Dietikon.
- The 5. Div and the 4. Div held an extended
line following the Southern end of the Jura mountains.
The order took into consideration,
- that the Western Mentue-Paudèze line of
defense was too exposed. It would have been difficult for the troops to reach
this position after mobilization before the Germans could get there. The line
was taken back to the Neuchatel-Morat-Bulle line.
- that the 7. Div, 8. Div, 3. Div and 1. Div
were needed to cover the Northern approaches to the Alps. The Central Redoubt