[Threat from the North] [Strength of the Field Army] [Comparison with the Report of the General]
In peacetime the Swiss army consisted of three army corps with the following structure:
The air force and air defense troops were just being formed (FF = Flieger und Flab).
In addition quite strong fortifications existed around the St. Gotthard pass and the "passage obligé" of St. Maurice in the Valais. Since the mid 30s more fortifications were built on the border and in the Sargans area.
Threat from the North - Aufmarsch Nord
For the defense in the case "Nord" (Operationsbefehl No 4) the general ordered the Swiss army to take the following structure. An additional army corps (No 4) was formed and some ad hoc "divisions" were formed to facilitate command. The general gave orders for the following troops
In addition a bunch of other army troops (Armeetruppen) were available.
Strength of the Field Army
The Swiss Army fielded the following forces in May 1940:
|Armee-truppen||AK 1||AK 2||AK 3||AK 4||Div Gempen||Div Murten||Total|
|2||7||4, 5||1, 6|
|7, 8||4, 5||6||9||3||1, 2|
|ca 73'400||ca 69'200||ca 77'300||ca 84'700||ca 93'400||
|ca 15'600||ca 433'800|
|105mm sch mot Kan||8||26||40||56||25||0||0||155|
Comparison with the Report of the General
After the war the General and other officers of the general headquarter's staff created some useful reports which can be used to check the figures above. In his report the general states that the Swiss Army had the following levels of equipment:
|31.8.1939||Field Army||Fortresses||Total||My Figures||Deviation|
N.B. The horse and the truck figures match pretty well.
The sMG, 47mm ATG, the 12cm Kan and 15cm howitzer figures are very accurate.
My LMG figure is probably wrong. There was some purchasing between September 1939 and May 1940. I would wonder if more than 4'000 LMG were bought. Probably the Laf LMG (3'663) has to be separated from the LMG figure (13'377). Then the figure is pretty accurate.
My 81mm mortar figure is probably too high too. Although there was some production between August '39 and May '40, there are reports mentioning that not all second and third line infantry formations had their full complement of 81mm mortars.
I know that 105mm cannons were purchased in some numbers. I'll have to find out if there were really 71. If not these units should probably show 75mm guns where we have more than 100 unused guns in the count.
[Last Update 30.08.2010]